Break Out Sessions
From all over the world maps are used to explore the context of walking. However, maps can be used in a various of ways. In Rotterdam, to make new policy, they study the context of walking by making maps of available data e.g. get insights in a poor walking network. In Eindhoven they gain insight in patterns of walk trips in the context of daily urban mobility using a large scale GPS-tracking technique.’ And in Manhattan, New York, they use geographic information systems and senior community surveys to measure and map the walkability of three older adult neighbourhoods. They will tell you all about it during this session!
How can we design public spaces that we perceive as attractive and safe? This session aims to answer this question with three varied presentations about public space design. When we install anti-terrorism blocks, although objectively safer, the perception of the space can be less secure. For that reason, we must be creative in our solutions. We will draw on award-winning public spaces in Belgium and, research conducted in Canada on how street furniture elements serve the pedestrians.
Anna Clara will talk about Manila. In Metro Manila they use the concept of Complete Streets to find out why pedestrians are not being prioritized. Aside from environmental aspects, local culture plays a major role on walkability. As a member of Stantec’s Urban Places, Nels will explore innovations at the intersection of health and urban design with references to quantification and district-scale rating systems, such as
the WELL Community standard.
In this session we start with an Exploration of the History behind walkability (Kerikova). Then we dive into a study that examines how he concepts of walkability and smart city can be revisited in the specific architectural, cultural and historical context of Moroccan Imperial cities and offer new insights into the debate about sustainable cities (Kanellopoulou). The session ends with the introduction of The notion of Agility as a fundamental quality of pedestrian movement and as a lever for change in cities, triggering new imaginaries and therefore, new practices (Bahrami).
"Two cities and European Platform on Mobility Management (EPOMM) will share their successes and struggles implementing their ideas through projects. Since 2013, Brussel (BE) has had a Pedestrian Strategic Plan that focuses on the 10 wishes (Go 10) of pedestrians which must be pursued simultaneously if we want to see fundamental improvement of the pedestrian's place in the city. Tilburg (NL) has developed a monitorting tool. These Facts and Figures are integral part of Tilburg's Mobility Agenda 2040. EPOMM provides good examples from the member States.Together we will find our 'walking‘ way out, structured along three streams: i) Walking in a low-carbon economy, ii) Walking to reduce harmful emissions, and iii) Walking and urban planning.
Amsterdam is a walkable city, but pedestrian policy is still a relatively new field at the city’s Department for Transport and Public Space. The city of Vienna has installed a Mobility Agency with a representant for pedestrians and has been working on walking promotion and creating a walking community over the last 6 years. We will discuss both the Amsterdam and Vienna experiences and strategies and with Maptionnaire we will dive into the world of online questionnaires and data that help planners to understand pedestrian movements and the way they perceive their walking environment.
Rotterdam Walkable City, approach towards a Pedestrian Strategy
Paris to pedestrians! Strategy in time and space
A great City for walking: Why feet come first in London's financial district
Leapfrogging is a game in which a number of children bend down and another child jumps over them oneat a time. A pedestrian friendly city provides room for this game. Leapfroggingalso means to improve a situation by missing out-stages instead of going through a systematic process. In this break-out session examples are presented of different experiences on how to structure the transition from car-oriented
cities to cities of places and more active modes of mobility. You are invited to share your own experience about what the route to a pedestrian friendly city should be and search for the barriers and stimulating factors on this route.
Bella Mossa: use of a digital app and incentives to encourage Active Travel and reduce single-occupancy car use in Bologna, Italy.
Metrominuto: encouraging pedestrian mobility by showing meters and walking minutes between places.
What do people really want? Experiences in using service design methods in mobility management.
Walking as a mode comes with its own motivations and experiences and requires separated space designation. In this break-out, three different presenters will discuss these charactaristics in-depth. Where one focusses on the psychological determinants of a modal shift in European cities, the other elaborates on research conducted to walking motivations within different life stages in China. The third presentation discusses the right of way for pedestrians in New York City. During the discussion we will also zoom into the differences between the three continents
We highlight the subject from three different perspectives. From China we indicate the notion of flux in patterns of vending-walking relations, which could reveal an understanding of dynamic Chinese urban walkable space. In Switzerland many sidewalks have been approved for cycling in recent years and new electric vehicles such as electric scooters and Segway have been put on an equal legal level with bicycles. And a story from Mexico City where there is a weak enforcement for invasions to public space from vehicles, street vendors etc that replace public uses at public space to private uses, affecting pedestrians.
Amsterdam faces numerous mobility challenges, due to a growing population, an increased number of visitors and more transportation of goods. Expanding the infrastructure is not an option, so the city needs to actively work on mobility transitions. The city experiments with solutions that can help to keep the city accessible, safe, attractive and liveable under the umbrella of the Action Program Smart Mobility 2016-2018. One of the most remarkable projects within the program is the Crowd Monitoring System Amsterdam (CMSA). That uses the WiFi signals of smart devices to generate insights in order to prevent overcrowding in central pedestrian areas. The privacy governance is crucial to make sure all data is processed anonymized.
1. Innovations isn crowdmanagement and monitoring – Jorn van Dijk, Eelco Thiellier, gemeente Amsterdam
2. privacy – Beryl Dreijer, gemeente Amsterdam
How to use (digital) tools to stimulate and guide pedestrians in streets, cities and centres. Lessons from Oxford Street, The Rotterdam City Centre and the city Brussels will give insights how this is being implemented on different scales.
Nels Nelson and Tullio Ponzi will host a discussion on their experiences using placemaking as a tool for improving public health outcomes. Respectively, they will share lessons from North American neighborhoods and community-driven innovation in Recife, Brazil. As a member of Stantec’s Urban Places, Nels will explore innovations at the intersection of health and urban design with references to quantification and district-scale rating systems, such as the WELL Community standard. Executive Secretary of Urban Innovation Tullio will reveal how with small interventions streets and public spaces can promote integration, a sense of community, and healthy lifestyles for both adults and children.
In this break-out session, two presenters discuss the potential of data for predicting walkability in the city. The first presentation focusses on the methodological side of calculating the walking demand forecasting and economic assessment for new walking infrastructure. The second presentation dives deeper into the walkability potential of the infrastructure that is already there - a using a walkability tool. In the discussion, we will dive deeper into the
Making United States communities more walkable often requires significant changes to streets and neighborhoods. However, the challenge to achieving this change is often more political than physical. As the U.S. grows more ethnically diverse – and politically polarized – advocates for walkable communities must become skilled in engaging people from a wide range of perspectives toward physical changes to established neighborhoods. This session will showcase techniques and programs used to engage wider audiences in themes of walking and active transportation, and empower attendees to rethink who they work with, with an emphasis on cities in the Southern United States.
This session proposes alternative ways for planning, creating, and communicating space for walking. Having used comics to demonstrate collaboration to promote walkability, the processes associated with Complete Street design, the nuances of walking and biking in winter climates, and the ins and outs of Urban Design, Ryan will now use it to demonstrate the devilish and delightful details of creating walkable environments.
The second story advocates to go beyond creating space for walking, but creating space for experiences in time. It will
explore alternative techniques for research and design that take the first-hand perspective view of the subject as starting point and do justice to the multisensory and time-based qualities of walking.
As we learn about each other, so we learn about ourselves’ (William Hartnell)
Pedestrians on the agenda of three European cities. Three different approaches with the same goal: ‘Establishing a walking culture by developing an accessible and attractive city for pedestrians’.
What can we learn from these approaches?
Utrecht is already running on the right track with their city’s ‘Action Plan for Pedestrians’. This action plan contains 13 goals that led to several innovative designs.
Baden Württemberg shows us how much you can achieve with collaboration between all necessary stakeholders using their ‘Walking checks-approach’.
Amsterdam is also walking towards a city with a high walking appeal. We will get insights into their planning and design principles and we will see a lot of what the capital city of the Netherlands already has established for their pedestrians so far.
Let’s learn about these three approaches, so we can learn about our own.
"This session will discuss methodologies based on both design thinking techniques and cartography visioning tools to transform our cities into more pleasant daily walking
experiences, thus encouraging people to dedicate more time, more often to walking. We will visit case studies at all scales, from a single street transformation to a whole city
masterplan design. From these different experiences we shall highlight some practical tools that you can use in your own city to make all the actors in charge of developing walking-related policies engage more in the fulfillment of the promise of a walkable city for everyone.
Tactical Urbanism as a tool for change Transforming staircases and street design change in Sao Paulo, pop-up street events and temporary traffic modifications in the city of Hobart. These tactical interventions share the same will of creating a momentum for change in public realm on community focused initiatives. We will discuss both Australian and Brazilian practices and experiences in local leadership, community engagement and planning processes towards a more walkable city.
In this break out sessie we'll introduce you to the speakers Pablo
Carreras(Fr), Pieter de Haan(NL) and Sarah Gayton (UK). The session takes us along the beginning of introducing shared space zones in their countries. It will reflect on the experiences that have been made so far. We will discuss the pro’s and con’s of the concept taken different users groupsinto account.
We will dive into different methodologies scrutinising walkable cities for all. We discuss the Livable Cities Insights Platform, a data platform using data and AI to promote walkability. Further, photo analysis is used to research walkability for particular groups. Think of "walking with wheels", in the broadest sense (e.g. wheelchairs and suitcases). The second research measured the quality of the pedestrian coating wit a specific wheelchair. The third presentation discusses the walkability of cities for people with autism, their personal sensory experiences in relationship to the urban environment and its spatial elements. How can these projects learn from each other and improve user-based urban planning?
Women at the center of attention. In three presentations, we get to know more about the in-depth experience of walking women in the public space but in
different contexts. The first presentation discusses walking as a way of inhabiting the city in city centres in Argentina and Chili based on qualitative research. The second tells about women's experiences in the suburbs of Paris, based on data from inclusive experimentations. The third focuses on womens mobility and their economic enpowerment throug acces to key public services and opportunities.
Despite the rapid growth of motorisation in low-income countries, walking is still very much linked with daily activities such as going to the marketplace. The walkability of neighbourhoods is, therefore, crucial for people to participate in day-to-day life. This breakout session highlights two research projects focused on the daily destinations of women in African cities. The third presentation provides a method for assessing the 15-minute neighbourhood walkability by examining how well walking can provide access to destinations. We’ll be discussing the ways we can learn from these quantitative and qualitative approaches to improve the accessibility of our daily destinations in cities
Walkability is a critical factor in the success and usability of public transport. It is mainly on foot that we access to public transport networks. Therefore, improving walkability around the stops can significantly increase their attractiveness. In this breakout session success stories from France, Switzerland and the Netherlands will be presented. You will get a glimpse on methods and walkability approaches, the use of data and the importance of cooperation between key stakeholders as public transport authorities and operators and local and regional governments.
Place making and reclaiming street space with mobility hubs
Mobility Challenge Hoogkwartier
Let’s all have walking meetings: an interactive breakout session in three parts!
Walking meetings are on the verge of a breakthrough. Learn about the latest initiatives and challenges, exchange knowledge and experience the most innovative and productive workforms for walking meetings.
Introduction why your brain needs walking meetings & how to successfully integrate them in our working reality. Results of the WISE
Royal HaskoningDHV pilot.
Innovating walking meetings: results of a MBA research project on successful interventions & how frontrunners work together making
walking meetings a natural part of work.
7 walks that work, as a practical tool for every office building, to Get People Going, make walking part of enjoyable mobility
and creating cities that work on human power.
Glasgow and Rotterdam both have policies for pedestrians for the City Centre. What lessons can be learned by these 2 case studies and how is this implemented in districts, streets and places. This will be illustrated by the Rotterdam Central district as part of the city centre.
In this session we learn more about the battle for space in modern crowded cities. Are different types of smart or healthy modalities enemies in claiming public space? Or can we combine goals, values and space for pedestrians, cyclists, autonomous vehicles, etc. in a good way? We hear about how to expand a pedestrian area in a crowded inner-city, thepossible effects of autonomic vehicles on walking and how to combine space for parked bikes with space for pedestrian. And the end we will discuss about creating great public spaces and the battle for space for different transport modes.
Learn how the City of Boulder is making walking less stressful and more comfortable through geographic analysis. Furthermore, a presentation on methodology for transport schemes development for Chelyabinsk city center and tools, used for involvement and online remote coordination with local activists.
Even though walking policy tends to be implemented at the Local Authority level, strategies and plans at the national level can significantly boost walking and walking policy across a country.
Presenting successful examples from the Urban Planning Institute of the Republic of Slovenia, the Environment Agency in Germany and the Transport Agency in New Zealand this session tries to give an insight into how to approach the process, draw up content and implement national policy. We hope to inspire others to follow suit.
Adolescence is a time of increasing independence, with new opportunities and challenges. The safety and walkability of the journey to school is important for shaping behaviours long-term health. The Child Health Initiative is working to reduce the number of adolescents dying globally by ensuring that areas around schools are safer, less polluted and more walkable. In Dhaka walking to school is an important equity issue, and the presentation will include interventions to encourage urban children to walk to school. In Austria they have created a manual introducing key steps to promote active mobility for 10-14 year olds, as the change of schools for this age group is often associated with a change in transport mode.
Walking as an easy and healthy way of moving to school, but not yet accepted anywhere as normal. Promoting safe school routes is about promoting active mobility,changing infrastructure, using education and changing behaviour of adults and children and encourage them to walk. This does not happen overnight. It needs a clear approach and should be visible and fun! Involve everyone, not participating is not an option. With school campaigns, programs and rewarding systems various schools in Gdynia, London, Toronto, Mexico City, Boston and Lusaka manage to change behaviour and to make walking to school normal, they tell their approach.
How can children be a part of making their neighbourhood more child friendly? How can government prioritise street design tonsure the needs of children are prioritised? Three different approaches tell how they incorporated children in addressing urban problems, promoting the child perspective on their neighbourhood and what the toolkit is about that is developed to help create a healthier environment and safer mobility for children. Child friendly environments is the basic topic; it is about changing the behaviour of policy makers, adults and children - in order to change their living environment, to learn from children how they see their environment and how they think it can be improved. - 6 Belgian cities, 7 European cities and 1 UN programme.
This break out session you’ll be taken along a subject that is known in every country around the world: we’ll be talking about how children are brought to school and the traffic safety in the surrounding of the school area’s. How can we motivate parents, children and communities to drop off their children by foot or bike, with an eye kept on not only safety but also sustainability? Our speakers Laura Mansikkamäki(FIN), Marko Peterlin(SLO) and John Lieswyn(NZ) tell about experiences and programmes in their country.
Walkable cities are cities for children, because walking is their main means of transport! In school environments, many themes such as road safety, traffic jams and air pollution come together. In this session we will learn from different experiences around the world (Mexico, Austria and Belgium). From different perspectives, we will hear all about making a safer school environment by car free zones, prevention programs to prevent unsafe situations and campaigns to encourage parents to take their children to school by bike or feet.
In this break out session we will ask if walking is so good for local economies, why do so many politicians still see access for cars as more important? We hope to stimulate a debate on the best evidence and case studies showing walking investment can transform streets. Therefore the results of a large survey among visitors of shopping area will show a unique picture about the mobility aspect of retail. Besides there will be presented some findings of a literature review about the economic benefits of pedestrian friendly urban design. We’ll discuss knowledge gaps and suggest ways to fill in these gaps.
Three presentations about attractive and safe streets:
Hong Kong is often celebrated for its elaborate system of pedestrian bridges. Less often commented on are the pedestrian-unfriendly streets below. Help is (hopefully) on the way (Tatcher).
Streets are increasingly crucial as urban public spaces and municipalities encourage their active appropriation. A comparative study gives insight into approaches in different cities (Furchtlehner)
And the presentation of Chardonnet Darmaillacq
How can we use green spaces in our cities to promote walkability? And how do we deal with the paradox of the demand for dense urban
areas and the accessibility of green and services? During this break-out session, three presentations discuss the relationship between green and walkability. One presentation demonstrates the results of research on this green paradox. The other two discuss the implementation of green routes. One
focusses on an area in Utrecht, The Netherlands that is going to be developed, while the other improving the green structures in the already existing urban
fabric of the city of Aachen, Germany.
What do people care about the most? The ultimate answer is a better quality of life. A person’s mobility influences in this, therefore affecting people’s happiness. That is why mobility is a means to live a more meaningful and happier life. After a presentation of the concept of mobility happiness we will discuss two case studies of both Rotterdam and Paris. With a focus on community engagement, street design and the ultimate question: what makes people happy in their neighborhood and city?
Two waterfront routes in Espoo, Finland and Rotterdam, The Netherlands with both very different characteristics show new perspectives, environments and activities along water. How do we connect our cities to the enormous potential of our waterfronts? And how do we make this accessible and attractive for all pedestrians? The two presentations will approach these questions from two different angles: where the Rotterdam is a bottom-up initiative, the Espoo case zoomed in on the userexperience to understand the motives to walk along The Seaside Promenade.
This session will be focussing on the evaluation of walkability improvement. Three different tools were used to improve the walkability in 3 total different cities. One speaker is focussing on users’ comfort in Osaka on 3 road sections; narrow road, wide one and wide one with rest space. Furthermore, in São Paulo, they had a practical case of community wayfinding implemented in a low-income neighbourhood and found effects further than locate people. The third speaker focussed on walkability improvement by comparing the effect of big interventions with small interventions in Lisbon.
In this break out sessie we'll introduce you to speakers Heidi Simons(USA), Tanja Congiu(IT) and Mariela Alfonzo. The session discusses the influences of built environment on walkability. During this session, our three speakers take the audience through examples of programs and studies that have been implemented in their country. It will give you as a visitor insights on how to implement features for safer walking in spatial planning and health policies.
Improving pedestrian safety at crossings is a very commonly shared ambition as pedestrians are the most vulnerable traffic participants. In this break out session we will discuss the causes of pedestrian fatalities and how to prevent those fatalities. Furthermore, there is attention for the choices which are made at traffic light intersections and the moral that led to those choices. Finally, a look in the future and the changes that will happen once automated vehicles will occur in daily traffic. Will pedestrian behaviour lead to new kind of conflicts? This sessions gives a complete impression of the challenges lying in front of us when it comes to pedestrian traffic safety
This moderated session encourages the audience to join in a lively discussion that challenges the concepts of accessibility, safety, and healthy ageing of walkers. Two urban professionals with vastly different backgrounds, will kick things off by providing brief, evidence-informed counter-arguments questioning the quality of footpaths, appealing public spaces for elderly, building for all, and in whom the responsibility of ‘safety’ rests. We invite a diverse audience keen to add their voice to what promises to be a fun, novel, and potentially disruptive session.
Globally we see trends of rising numbers of older adults, ubanisation and lifestyle related disorders. To keep older inhabitants healthy and happy, cities need to prepare. Supporting older people to be physically active and socially connected through walking, can achieve significant benefits. Experience shows that in most cases, creating a good walking infrastructure alone is not enough. Social support is needed to activate people and to help them change their behaviour. In this session, we discuss three projects that aim to promote active mobility in older people and focus on infrastructural and social factors.
Overcrowded trains and stations are not inviting to use public transport. Transport operators and local governments are developing different strategies to distribute people more evenly and flatten public transport peaks in the stations. This can range from redistribution within the station to redistribution over multiple stations or engage people to walk instead of making short trips by PT.. In this breakout session success stories from France, Austria and the Netherlands will be presented.You will learn how to let people use the stairs instead of the escalator or elevator. During the discussion we will focus on key requirements on routes and information and explore customer needs.
Van snel, snel, snel en ouders die in de auto wachten op hun kinderen naar een rustige en veilige schoolomgeving, waar kinderen spelen en (groot-)ouders gezellig bijpraten. Het kan. Naomé Carmeliet vertelt u er meer over.
Het boek the City at Eye Level for kids gaat in op goede straten en plekken op straathoogte vanuit het perspectief van kinderen en hun ouders. Jeroen Laven vertelt u meer over de inzichten en tips en hoe internationaal in Placemaking Europe wordt samengewerkt aan steden op ooghoogte.
Het onderzoeksproject Metamorphosis wil een verandering bewerkstelligen: van auto georiënteerd naar spelen op straat en lopen. Pilots om straten tijdelijk autovrij te maken en om schoolzones te veranderen, werpen hun vruchten af. Nick van Apeldoorn vertelt de ins en outs van dit project.
In dit sessieblok wordt het onderwerp ‘gedrag’ vanuit verschillende kanten belicht. In ‘Uitdagen tot beweging in de stad middels nudging’ vertelt Eva van der Velde over de droom om voetgangers de stad als speeltuin te laten gebruiken. Bijvoorbeeld door middel van het gebruik van snelheidsmeters die je uitdagen een stukje te rennen of het plaatsen van een pingpongtafel op het station. Gert Jan Wijlhuizen zoomt in op de resultaten van een modal-shift-onderzoek. Op basis van dit onderzoek wordt het advies gegeven om voetgangers en fietsers niet over één kam te scheren. Men heeft een tool ontwikkeld die op maat advies geeft hoe lopen gestimuleerd kan worden. Aansluitend gaat Gerard Tertoolen, verkeerspsycholoog, in op wat de voetganger letterlijk en figuurlijk beweegt. Lopen was ooit de enige manier om ons voor te bewegen. Wat is de betekenis van 'lopen' nog nu we allerhande hulpmiddelen hebben ontwikkeld om sneller en comfortabeler mobiel te zijn?
Veel stadscentra zijn inmiddels ingericht voor de voetganger, maar met de groei van steden en de noodzaak om de lucht schoon te houden, is het belangrijk dat ook buiten het centrum de voetganger voorrang heeft. Bij de (her-)ontwikkeling in Den Haag wordt steeds de actieve mobiliteit op ‘1’ gezet. Ontwerpprincipes en Haagse voorbeelden worden door Frans Botma met u gedeeld en Norbert Nijhof zoomt in op het belang van een goede Stadsentree, die de bezoeker direct uitnodigt om lopend zijn weg te vervolgen. Erik van Hal vertelt over Eindhoven, die van ‘saai en auto-georiënteerd’ naar een ‘Boeiende Binnenstad’ wil toewerken. Ook hier speelt de benenwagen een belangrijke rol.
Amsterdam heeft op basis van bestaande data uit diverse bronnen in kaart gebracht wat de ‘walkability’ van haar straten is. Op basis van deze gegevens wordt beleid aangepast ten gunste van de voetganger. Johan Olsthoorn vertelt u hier meer over. Het CROW heeft een overzicht gemaakt van eigenschappen waaraan goede voetgangersroutes moeten voldoen en het heeft een methodiek ontwikkeld om de kwaliteit in beeld te brengen. Emile Oostenbrink licht dit toe. En kent u het Nederlands Verplaatsingspanel? Peter van der Mede vertelt er graag over. Door op grote schaal informatie over voetgangersstromen te verzamelen kunnen benchmarks tussen steden gemaakt worden. Zo ontstaat beter inzicht in het huidige gedrag en kan het beleid daarop aangepast worden.
Drukte. De dreiging vanuit terrorisme is aanwezig. Moeten we voetgangersgebieden daarom afzetten met blokken? Wat doet dat met de sfeer en het gevoel van veiligheid? Zijn er andere methodes? Dick van Veen bespreekt dit graag met u. Drukte betekent soms ook dat de doorgang wordt belemmerd voor hulpdiensten en dat bewoners hun huis bijna niet meer in en uit kunnen komen. Op de Wallen in Amsterdam wordt de drukte gemonitord waardoor men kan bijsturen en zo leefbaarheid, veiligheid en toegang beter worden gewaarborgd. Jorn van Dijk en Eelco Thiellier geven u inzicht in de vraagstukken, inzichten en handreikingen voor oplossingen.
In dit sessieblok wordt het thema op drie verschillende manier uitgelicht.
• De inrichting van de openbare ruimte heeft grote invloed op het beweeggedrag van alle mensen. Voor een positieve invloed moet de openbare ruimte verleiden en faciliteren. Jan Willem Boots vertelt over het concept Skills Graden dat uitnodigt tot bewegen, sporten, ontmoeten en beleven.
• Nu steeds meer ouderen langer thuis wonen, wordt een veilige en toegankelijke route nóg belangrijker. Danny van Dijk vertelt over het werk dat hij in Rotterdam gedaan heeft om in kaart te brengen wat de behoeften zijn van deze doelgroep en waar verbeteringen kunnen worden aangebracht op straat.
• De behoefte om meer te bewegen, het liefst vanaf je eigen voordeur, wordt ondersteund door ‘Stad te voet’. Door wandelroutes aan te laten sluiten op reeds bestaande routes kunnen mensen nabij hun woonhuis starten aan een (langere) wandeling. Frank Hart vertelt er graag meer over in deze sessie.
Why should we collect data about walking at all? This is often the first question asked when we talk about measuring walking. The session will address the value of measurements, important criteria (e.g. safety, privacy) and possible approaches:
a) How can standardized hourly volumes of walking help improve data quality and quantity and inform better planning and modelling?
b) How can data contribute to optimize layouts and nudge pedestrians through stations? What ethical issues are involved and what kind of projects will we see in the future?
The presenters are interested in receiving input from the audience.